About Nepal


Nepal is a multi-lingual, multi-cultural, multi-religious and multi-ethnic country. According to the 2001 census (the latest census of Nepal), the total population of Nepal was 25 million, with over 100 castes/ethnic and religious groups, and 92 mother tongues. It is sandwiched between India (in the south, east and west) and China in the north. Dominated by the Himalaya, it is not only a country of high mountains, but also hosts artistic monuments and exotic wildlife. It offers a fantastic array of attractions for visiting tourists.

Nepal is a country of amazing extremes. The world's highest mountains, including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest 8848m) tower above populated valleys and forested plains in which the lordly tiger and trundling rhinoceros live. Its enchanting charms are everywhere, be it on the shoulders of high mountains, on terraced farmlands meticulously carved liked stairways out of twisting ridges, on cascading mountain rivulets and rushing rivers, or in forests full of wildlife, flowers and bird song. Nepal provides something for everyone, be they tourist, trekker, river runner, wildlife enthusiast, artist, scholar or simply the weary in search of a personal Shangri-La.

Nepal is best known as the home of Mount Everest, the highest mountain on earth. It has eight out of the fourteen highest peaks in the world over 8000m — Everest (8848m), Kanchenjunga (8586m),Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna (8091m). There is also much more to offer apart from the mountains. The range of scenery between the steamy jungles of the plains and the highest point on earth is diverse and spectacular. Nepal offers unforgettable experiences to those who would like to venture out into the hills, into the 'land of paradise' for tourists, trekkers and mountaineering expeditions. The famous Himalayan range, the favourable climate, the hospitality of the Nepalese people and their culture, the natural landscapes, mountains, rivers, glacial lakes, forests and wild animals are just some of the major attractions. The people of Nepal are a cosmopolitan mixture of many different ethnic groups.

With all these features, renowned travellers and writers have recognised this country as one of the most exhilarating destinations in the world. Nepal has been described variously as a living museum (concerning its rich culture), a Shangri-La on the roof of the world, a Himalayan pilgrimage destination, birthplace of the apostle of peace (the Buddha), country of the living goddess, land of exotic mysticism and of non-stop festivals. These much-touted clichés truly enlighten the world about the incomparable and profound cultural heritage of the country of Nepal.

Nepal in brief

Location: Between India and the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Republic of China
Area: 147,181 sq. km.
Capital: Kathmandu
People: More than 100 ethnic groups (59 recognised by the government) and 92 spoken languages
system: Multiparty democracy, Federal Republic, democratic country
Topography: From the world's deepest gorge, Kali Gandaki, to the highest point on earth, Everest
Vegetation: Despite its small size, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding biodiversity in the world, ranging from subtropical rainforests to alpine deserts
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the lowlands to arctic at higher altitudes
Season: Winter (December to February), summer (March to May), monsoon (June to August), autumn (September to November). During the monsoon most days have rain, making the following day crispy-clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadow and ideal for trekking
National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum (Lali Guras)