Pilgrimes and Historical Tour

Pilgrimes and Historical Tour

A few days will give you a flavor of the world famous cultural heritage of Kathmandu valley.

Itinerary

Day 01: Swayambhunath: On top of a hill, west of Kathmandu, the Swayambhunath Buddhist temple is a very popular and instantly recognizable symbol of Nepal. The temple is also known as the 'monkey temple' because of its large population of roving monkeys.

Kathmandu Durbar square: Listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kathmandu Durbar Square is a cluster of ancient temples, palaces, courtyards and streets that date from the 12th to the 18th centuries. The square is recognized as the social, religious and urban focal point of the Capital City.

The Palace Complex was the royal Nepalese residence until the 19th century. The palace is decorated with elaborately-carved wooden windows and panels. It houses the King Tribhuwan Memorial Museum and the Mahendra Museum.

Patan Durbar square: Is also known as Lalitpur. Situated in the center of Patan city, it was formerly the residence of the Patan royal family. Patan square and its surroundings are good examples of the ancient Newari architecture. There are three main courtyards in the palace: Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk and Keshav Narayan Chowk. Mul Chowk, the oldest one is at the centre of Patan square.

Several multi-sized and multi-styled temples occupy the western part of the complex. Among these, the main ones are Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple and the Golden Temple of Hiranya Varna

Day 02: Pashupatinath Temple, on the bank of the sacred Bagmati river stands as a symbol of faith, religion, culture and tradition. It is considered to be the most sacred temple of Hindu Lord Shiva in the world and it dates back to the 5th century. The ornate pagoda houses the sacred linga or phallic symbol of Lord Shiva. Thousands of pilgrims from all over the world come to pay homage to this temple which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.

Boudhanath Stupa, is one of the oldest stupas in Nepal and one of the largest in the world. It is a well-known Buddhist pilgrimage site which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. It is on the ancient trade route from Tibet and during the 50's, many Tibetans arrived and settled in the Boudhanath area.

Bhaktapur: is one of the 3 royal cities in the valley besides Kathmandu and Patan. It is an ancient, well preserved Newar city about 20km east of Kathmandu. The city houses many Hindu and Buddhist sites among which Durbar, Taumadhi and Dattareya square are the most important.

Durbar Square is an assortment of pagoda and temples grouped around the Fifty-five-Window Palace of brick and wood. On the Taumadhi square is the Nyatpola Temple dedicated to the Goddess Lakshmi and easily recognizable with its 5 stories.

Bhaktapur is particularly agreeable as motor vehicles are not allowed inside the city limits.

Day 03 Kirtipur: means "glory city" in the Nepali language .This tiny city, located on the top of a steep rocky hill and is one of the oldest human settlements in the valley. It has been the scene of many historic battles and is the center of the Newar culture.

Dakshinkali: Southwest of Kathmandu, at the confluent of two rivers, Dakshinkali is famous for Its Temple dedicated to Kali, the ferocious form of Lord Shiva's wife. Dakshin means south and Kali is derived from the Hindu goddess Kali so, it basically means "the goddess Kali of the south". Kali is the deity who claims fresh animal blood twice a week and many devotees gather on Tuesday and Saturday to sacrifice cocks and goats.

In October, the Dashain is a major festival here.

Day 04 Khokana: is a typical Newar settlement only 10 km south of the capital city. The village was settled around the 13th century and is well-known for both its temple of goddess "Rudrayani" and its mustard oil. It was also the first village which had access to electricity in the whole Kathmandu valley.

This village, also listed as a world heritage site, is popular for its culture and its production of pure mustard oil using the traditional method: two heavy wooden beams are used to crush mustard seeds and extract the oil that can be consumed or used for therapeutic massage. They have been using this method for many generations.

Another amazing fact about the village is that the inhabitants are not allowed to raise chickens. The reason is the presence of the main temple where it is forbidden to sacrifice chickens and even their eggs because it would make the goddess angry. So instead of being blessed, one could be cursed. As the villagers are very religious, nobody dares to test the accuracy of this myth.